The "double score policy" is a milestone in the development history of China's new energy vehicles. According to the public data of the China Automobile Association, the production and sales of China's new energy vehicles in 2017 were 794000 and 777000 respectively, ranking first in the world for three consecutive years. The cumulative ownership of China's new energy vehicles has reached 1.8 million, accounting for 50% of the global market ownership. Sometimes in order to reduce weight, it is also used in non-ferrous metals and special metals such as aluminum alloys. The author understands that this achievement benefited from the active promotion and subsidies of the government. Although people have made many criticisms on the government's measures to subsidize the development of new energy vehicles, the results are recognized
people criticize some abnormal events in the development process, mainly referring to the "cheating and compensation" behavior of enterprises. If the basic principles of management are used to analyze, the government has subsidies, and the emergence of "fraudulent subsidies" is inevitable. In fact, the measures taken by the Chinese government to deal with "fraudulent compensation" are effective. It is successful for China to subsidize the purchase of new energy vehicles and promote the development of a new industry. However, the risk of "cheating on subsidies" is huge, and it will eventually be severely punished by the government
at the regular press conference of the State Council office, Xin Guobin, Vice Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, interpreted issues such as the "measures for the parallel management of average fuel consumption of passenger car enterprises and new energy vehicle credits". He said that the double credit policy had been officially announced on September 27, 2017 and would be officially implemented on April 1, 2018. It can be understood that the "double credit policy" is a milestone in the development history of China's new energy vehicles
first, the purchase subsidy policy has made today's achievements, but it can not guarantee the sustainable development of the industry.
using an easy to understand example, the new energy industry is a new industry, which is very similar to a person's growth process. The first step is to be nurtured by parents in order to become an adult; The second step is to get support from parents in order to move towards society; The third step is that parents should let go in order to be independent; The fourth step is to require him to continue to develop, make greater contributions and undertake more obligations
the only way for China's automobile industry to become a world power is to develop new energy vehicles. It also has to go through a process of government nurturing, supporting and letting go. The object of state (government) subsidies in the early stage is the production cost of new energy vehicles, and the theory is not at fault. The development of China's new energy vehicle industry, the government's nurturing, support and market cultivation stages have been basically completed. Next, new energy vehicle manufacturers are required to do more to make greater contributions to the sustainable development of the new industry
on April 1, 2018, the "measures for the parallel management of average fuel consumption and new energy vehicle points of passenger vehicle enterprises" was officially implemented, marking the beginning of a new stage in the development of China's new energy vehicle industry. In depth, the purchase subsidy of new energy vehicles is not a welfare. For enterprises in the industrial chain, there is no problem of fairness, and it is not necessarily related to the contribution of enterprises to the development of new energy vehicles. The purchase subsidy is not an incentive bonus. The purchase subsidy is just the government's compensation for the high production cost of enterprises. The basic reason is that the market scale has not risen, and the market resource allocation is less, which is not conducive to the development of new energy industry. The government's participation is correct. The market is an invisible hand, and the government is a visible hand
II. Basic characteristics and requirements of the new development stage
today's situation of the industry shows that the subsidy policy of the Chinese government for the development of new energy vehicles is basically correct, and enterprises in the industrial chain have made their own contributions to the growth and development of China's new energy vehicles
1) "double credit policy" is still dominated by the government, the difference is that the way has changed
before, the development of new energy vehicles in China was in the stage of growth and development, and the government led way was to give subsidies. Next, the government led way was to use the power of the market to adjust the flow of market resources to enterprises developing new energy vehicles. Automobile has become a pillar industry in China. The Chinese government must lead its development direction, and enterprises are participants. The difference is that the leading mode of the Chinese government has changed, and the role of market factor allocation has become stronger
2) "cheating" under the "double points policy" will also occur. The government's regulatory capacity should be improved.
points have a price, positive points are money making, and negative points are money losing. Government subsidies are money, and points are also money. Driven by interests, the phenomenon of "cheating" money will always occur. Understandably, under the government subsidy mode, government regulation is relatively easier, and the integral mode, government regulation is more difficult. Using points to encourage the development of new energy is the first initiative of the United States, and the "double points policy" has Chinese characteristics. How to accumulate points? How to exchange positive integral and negative integral? What are the exchange rules? How much is a point worth
it can be said that non experts basically don't understand or understand the principle. Information asymmetry will be more serious. How the government monitors more scientifically and reasonably will face greater challenges
2) under the "double integral policy", it will be more difficult for enterprises to make decisions.
at present, enterprises have basically had a mechanism to deal with market changes after decades of market economy exercise. What to produce and what not to produce? When to produce and when not to produce? The enterprise basically has a way. Next, we need to think about how much is the traditional automobile market? How much is the new energy vehicle market? They should match each other. This matching is the requirement of the government. If they can't meet it, they will be fined. The question is, this is not market information, but what the government requires. Can it be accepted by the market if it meets the government's "double points" matching requirements? The government does not care about this problem, and enterprises must care about it in place, which undoubtedly makes it more difficult for enterprises to make business decisions
3) "double integral policy" is a new thing, and it takes time for enterprises to digest
the time node for the current subsidy policy to decline has been arranged. The continuation time of the "double points policy" is also arranged. However, some experts repeatedly requested that the subsidy policy decline in advance on the grounds that the current subsidy is unreasonable. As of December 31, 2017, their requirements had not been adopted by the government, and they also disclosed that the subsidy policy decline would be advanced to may 2018. Why bother? "Double points policy" is a new thing, and it takes time for enterprises to digest it; Different departments of the government should run in, and enterprises and the government should communicate. These need learning and time. There is an iterative process and objectivity
policy is a top-level design, which must be stable. Scientific decision-making, firm implementation and strong supervision can ensure the efficient and excellent system. The major developed countries have set off an upsurge of graphene research. It can be seen that the "double points policy" was implemented on April 1, and the so-called "subsidy policy retreated in advance" plan was introduced from April to may, which is an impossible event. More than half a year after the promotion of the "double point policy", it is an inevitable event to implement the "40% decline in subsidy policy" at the beginning of 2019 as originally planned
III. at present, the "double point policy" involves passenger cars, and there is no commercial vehicle. The name "measures for the parallel management of average fuel consumption of passenger car enterprises and points of new energy vehicles" tells you that the "double point policy" does not involve commercial vehicles. China's commerce is basically divided into large and medium-sized passenger cars, micro bread passenger cars, heavy trucks, light trucks and micro trucks. Why is the "double integral policy" not involved, so many times it is due to mechanical problems caused by misoperation? Commercial vehicles, especially large and medium-sized buses, are not involved? The author understands as follows:
① new energy vehicles, as far as the current technical level is concerned, the main target is passenger cars, and new energy vehicles of advanced automobile powers are also passenger cars
② the development of new energy vehicles in China began with buses. The bus is a public transport vehicle, and its cost is paid by the government, the purchase of traditional buses is paid by the local government, and the purchase of new energy buses is also paid by the central government. For buses, whether traditional vehicles or new energy vehicles, the government pays the bill and promotes the "double point policy", which is meaningless
③ at present, China's pure electric bus technology is relatively mature, while the new energy technology long-distance passenger vehicles, if hybrid, the battery part basically has no obvious effect; If it is pure electric, the one-time continuous mileage index is far from reaching the standard
④ for large and medium-sized buses, hydrogen fuel vehicles will be developed next. The national plan is to continue to use the subsidy mode, and its subsidy amount will remain unchanged
in a word, the conditions for the implementation of the "double points policy" for commercial vehicles are not mature at present, so it is not necessary. However, with the continuous progress of new energy vehicle technology, it is also a general trend to promote its development and progress with the "double integral policy"
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